4. The Sukoon (The Calm One 🙂)

Name in ArabicPronunciationShape
Sukoonْ

Sukoon is something you pronounce in English, but you don’t pay attention to it. There’s no vowel for it.

Notice the letter D in Bad, the letter N in man, and the letter T in Fat.

They all have something in common: No vowel after them. Which means you stop on these sounds.

It is the sound of stopping that you hear in the last letter of words that don’t end with a vowel.

Notice these other examples: “Far, Sum, Mud, Small, and Seed“.

The stopping sound can come in the middle of the word like in “Vast, Smart, and Think“.

It can also come before a silent vowel, like in “Face, Maze, and Vase”.

When you use Sukoon in Arabic, there is no vowel involved, long or short. It’s just the sound of the letter without any vowels.

It usually comes at the end of the word, but it can come in the middle.

It can’t be pronounced on its own. You have to have a sound before it, so you can stop on the Sukoon.

It’s a stopping sound. So you have to move before you stop, right?

Think of it as a very tiny stop sign. Whenever you see it in a word, you stop for a fraction of a second on the letter, then move on.

You will hear me say “A” before every letter so that you can hear the Sukoon on the letter clearly.

How to pronounce the letters with Sukoon:

ءْ

عـْ

غـْ

بـْ

يـْ

نـْ

تـْ

ثـْ

حـْ

جـْ

خـْ

دْ

ذْ

رْ

زْ

وْ

كـْ

لـْ

مـْ

هـْ


قـْ

سـْ

شـْ

صـْ

ضـْ

طْ

ظْ

Examples of words with Sukoon:

ْمـَ سـْ جـِ د

سـِ مـْ سـِ مـْ

اِ سـْ مـْ

مـَ عـْ مـَ لـْ

مِـ نـْ

شـِ بـْ لـْ

Because it’s the stopping sound, you pronounce Sukoon whenever you stop at a word in Arabic.

So Even if the word had another Harakah on its last letter, you ignore it. You have to stop on Sukoon.

For example, the sentence:

“ذَ هـَ بـْ تـُ إِ لـَ ىـ ا لـْ حـَ دِ يـ قـَ ة”

If I stopped at the first word, I’ll say:

“ذَ هـَ بـْ تـْ”

The Dhammah is gone and was replaced by Sukoon, because I stopped on the letter تـ.

In reading, whenever I stop on any word, I will ignore the Harakah, even though it’s still there because I stopped on the letter.

That’s why in Quran, you stop on Sukoon in every verse, even though you see Harakah on the last letter.